Social Characteristic in Job Matching
Some people have difficulties obtaining and maintaining employment due to patterns of behavior involving personal hygiene, grooming, punctuality, work attendance, and other activities of daily living. While these do not directly affect the skills needed to perform a job task, they affect the social fit of the worker and one’s co-workers at a work setting.
Social factors are another critical aspect of how employees fit in a job role. Successful employees must juxtapose the etiquette, skill, and judgment to interact with supervisors, co-workers, and the public.
Unfortunately, some people with disabilities may have poor social etiquette, skill, and judgment. Early researchers described these social factors as a “work personality.” Since then, the work adjustment literature has consistently identified work-required behavior as a critical component of successful job placement and maintenance.
Characteristics of the Work Setting in Job Matching
Any model of job matching must consider the culture and colleagueship of work. Work culture involves the mores, values, and shared belief systems regarding “acceptable” behavior in a work environment. Work culture varies across different occupations. This will be discussed in more detail later in this curriculum.
Any examination of work requirements also must consider the actual tasks required in a particular job.
There are at least nine work task requirements that facilitate employees’ abilities to perform those tasks:
1. Work Quality
2. Work Quantity
3. Speed of Learning New Tasks
4. Performance of Previously Learned Tasks
5. Ability to Perform Multiple Tasks
6. Ability to Organize Work Tasks
7. Safety Procedures
8. Cleanliness of Work Environment
9. Employee Motivation